Bellydance Costuming 101
A primer in Turkish, Egyptian, Tribal, and American styles
Turkish Oriental style costuming was what defined the ‘look’ of belly dance in the US during the 60's and 80's. The traditional Turkish costume consists of a matching bra and belt set with long fringe and a full skirt made to show off the form of the dancer. You won't see pants or dresses with this style.
Often skirts can be found with thigh-high slits over both legs or with hip accentuations already designed into the skirt rather than wearing a separate belt. V-shaped hip scarfs are considered to be a unique element to Turkish costumes. Other adornments may include big hairstyles, with lots of bracelets and armbands stacked up high. Veils are seen wrapped around the dance before a performance.
The silhouette look of the costume is simple, so many costume designers have added touches of originality to these looks by adorning their pieces with ornate jewelry such as crystals, rhinestones, beads, and sequins, or a lot more fringe and appliques. Another method to make the costumes stand out more is adding cutouts to the design or added pieces such as unattached sleeves.
In contrast to the Turkish Oriental style is Turkish Roman. Here we see a different look that involves more layers of fabric, covered bellies and less sparkle.
Egyptian Style can be broken up into two primary forms: baladi and Raqs Sharqi, and each folkloric style has its associated costume, which influences the dancer's style.
American Tribal Style has a distinctive and colorful appeal of costuming in the belly dance community. There is a feeling of character with this style as it utilized elements from around the world such as cholis from India, Afghan jewelry, and tassels.
These costumes are a thick, layered look and make use of skirts that are over 25 yards of fabric on top of harem pants. Many of these costumes are made with natural materials such as cotton or rayon due to the amount of layering involved. Cholis or vests are worn alone or with decorated bras on top.
Classic American belly dancers enjoy a wide variety of styles and adornments in their costumes. There is a bigger feel of glamor in the style due to the influences of the Middle Eastern movie industry. While the style shares movements and forms with traditional Eastern dance, Classic American Style is allotted more freedom in the interpretations of the dancer's apparel.
Usually, an American dancer will wear a two-piece outfit that is made up of an adorned bra top, vest, or blouse paired with a skirt or harem pants. The midsection may be visible, but it is not a requirement. Dancers with sewing skills will use fabrics such as silk, satin, lace, or chiffon as the base of the costume, or even a belly cover up. They then add sequins or beading to make them pop. Glitter or metallic materials are seen in these styles.
For accessories, hip belts are customary, and usually, match or complement the bra or top. The belt is either made up of coins or beads sewn into a V-shaped piece of fabric. Other pieces such as necklaces, armbands, bracelets, rings, headpieces, earrings, bindis and ankle bracelets are also worn. When it comes to jewelry, American dancers enjoy pieces that pop with glitter and shine.
There are other forms of American costumes, ranging from simple, delicate pieces to more elaborate creations that borrow or reinterpret different styles, making many looks original. Sometimes dancers can be seen wearing simple lycra pants with matching petal skirts, or items such as fishnet and tulle.